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    Madagascar Geography 1997

      Location Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique

      Geographic coordinates 20 00 S, 47 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 587,040 sq km
      land: 581,540 sq km
      water: 5,500 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Arizona

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 4,828 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or 100 nm from the 2,500-m isobath
      exclusive economic zone : 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south

      Terrain narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m

      Natural resources graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semipreciousstones, mica, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 4%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures : 41%
      forests and woodland: 40%
      other: 14% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 10,870 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards periodic cyclones

      Environment - current issues soil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification;surface water contaminated with raw sewage and other organic wastes; severalspecies of flora and fauna unique to the island are endangered

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, NuclearTest Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note world's fourth-largest island; strategic location along Mozambique Channel

      NOTE: The information regarding Madagascar on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Madagascar Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Madagascar Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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