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    Malawi Geography 1997

      Location Southern Africa, east of Zambia

      Geographic coordinates 13 30 S, 34 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 118,480 sq km
      land: 94,080 sq km
      water: 24,400 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,881 km
      border countries: Mozambique 1,569 km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)

      Terrain narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique37 m
      highest point: Mount Mlanje Sapitwa 3,002 m

      Natural resources limestone, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite

      Land use
      arable land: 18%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures : 20%
      forests and woodland: 39%
      other: 23% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 280 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff,sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, EnvironmentalModification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Malawi on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malawi Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malawi Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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