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    Maldives Geography 1997

      Location Southern Asia, group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwestof India

      Geographic coordinates 3 15 N, 73 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 300 sq km
      land: 300 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative about 1.7 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 644 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone : 35-310 nm as defined by geographic coordinates; segment of zone coincideswith maritime boundary with India
      territorial sea : 12 nm

      Climate tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy,southwest monsoon (June to August)

      Terrain flat, with white sandy beaches

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point : unnamed location on Wilingili 24 m

      Natural resources fish

      Land use
      arable land: 10%
      permanent crops : 0%
      permanent pastures: 3%
      forests and woodland : 3%
      other: 84% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards low level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise

      Environment - current issues depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note 1,190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls; archipelago of strategiclocation astride and along major sea lanes in Indian Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Maldives on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Maldives Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Maldives Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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