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    Mali Geography 1997

      Location Western Africa, southwest of Algeria

      Geographic coordinates 17 00 N, 4 00 W

      Map references Africa

      total : 1.24 million sq km
      land: 1.22 million sq km
      water: 20,000 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries
      total : 7,243 km
      border countries: Algeria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Guinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire532 km, Mauritania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate subtropical to arid; hot and dry February to June; rainy, humid, andmild June to November; cool and dry November to February

      Terrain mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south,rugged hills in northeast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Senegal River 23 m
      highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m

      Natural resources gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, bauxite, iron ore,manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited

      Land use
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures : 25%
      forests and woodland: 6%
      other: 67% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 780 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurringdroughts

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies ofpotable water; poaching

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Lawof the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified : Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Mali on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mali Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mali Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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