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    Malta Geography 1997

      Location Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)

      Geographic coordinates 35 50 N, 14 35 E

      Map references Europe

      total : 320 sq km
      land: 320 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 140 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone : 25 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

      Terrain mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Dingli Cliffs 245 m

      Natural resources limestone, salt

      Land use
      arable land: 38%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: NA%
      forests and woodland : NA%
      other: 59% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 10 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping,Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified : Biodiversity, Desertification

      Geography - note the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands(Malta, Gozo, and Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors

      NOTE: The information regarding Malta on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malta Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malta Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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