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    New Zealand Geography 1997

      Location Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia

      Geographic coordinates 41 00 S, 174 00 E

      Map references Oceania

      total: 268,680 sq km
      land: 268,670 sq km
      water: 10 sq km
      note: includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, CampbellIsland, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands

      Area - comparative about the size of Colorado

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 15,134 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate with sharp regional contrasts

      Terrain predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point : Mount Cook 3,764 m

      Natural resources natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone

      Land use
      arable land: 9%
      permanent crops : 5%
      permanent pastures: 50%
      forests and woodland: 28%
      other: 8% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 2,850 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards earthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by speciesintroduced from outside

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, ClimateChange, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes,Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note about 80% of the population lives in cities

      NOTE: The information regarding New Zealand on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of New Zealand Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about New Zealand Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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