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    Niger Geography 1997

      Location Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

      Geographic coordinates 16 00 N, 8 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 1.267 million sq km
      land: 1,266,700 sq km
      water : 300 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries
      total : 5,697 km
      border countries: Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina Faso 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south

      Terrain predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains insouth; hills in north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Niger River 200 m
      highest point: Mont Greboun 1,944 m

      Natural resources uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates

      Land use
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 2%
      other: 88% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 660 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards recurring droughts

      Environment - current issues overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlifepopulations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, and lion) threatened becauseof poaching and habitat destruction

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, EnvironmentalModification, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Niger on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Niger Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niger Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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