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    Nigeria Geography 1997

      Location Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

      Geographic coordinates 10 00 N, 8 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 923,770 sq km
      land: 910,770 sq km
      water : 13,000 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,047 km
      border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

      Coastline 853 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone : 200 nm
      territorial sea: 30 nm

      Climate varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

      Terrain southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains insoutheast, plains in north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point : Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

      Natural resources petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, naturalgas

      Land use
      arable land: 33%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 44%
      forests and woodland: 12%
      other : 8% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 9,570 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues soil degradation; rapid deforestation; desertification; recent droughtsin north severely affecting marginal agricultural activities

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes,Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification

      NOTE: The information regarding Nigeria on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nigeria Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nigeria Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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