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    Oman Geography 1997

      Location Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf,between Yemen and UAE

      Geographic coordinates 21 00 N, 57 00 E

      Map references Middle East

      total: 212,460 sq km
      land: 212,460 sq km
      water : 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Kansas

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,374 km
      border countries: Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km

      Coastline 2,092 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone : 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwestsummer monsoon (May to September) in far south

      Terrain vast central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
      highest point: Jabal ash Sham 2,980 m

      Natural resources petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum,natural gas

      Land use
      arable land : 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 5%
      forests and woodland: NA%
      other: 95% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 580 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms in interior;periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; very limitednatural fresh water resources

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Lawof the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note strategic location with small foothold on Musandam Peninsula controllingStrait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil

      NOTE: The information regarding Oman on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Oman Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Oman Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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