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    Pakistan Geography 1997

      Location Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the eastand Iran and Afghanistan on the west

      Geographic coordinates 30 00 N, 70 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total : 803,940 sq km
      land: 778,720 sq km
      water: 25,220 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries
      total: 6,774 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

      Coastline 1,046 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

      Terrain flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistanplateau in west

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

      Natural resources land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor qualitycoal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

      Land use
      arable land: 27%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other : 61% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 171,100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west;flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)

      Environment - current issues water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agriculturalrunoff; limited natural fresh water resources; a majority of the populationdoes not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification,Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes betweenCentral Asia and the Indian Subcontinent

      NOTE: The information regarding Pakistan on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Pakistan Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Pakistan Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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