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    Papua New Guinea Geography 1997

      Location Southeastern Asia, group of islands including the eastern half of theisland of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, eastof Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates 6 00 S, 147 00 E

      Map references Oceania

      total: 462,840 sq km
      land: 452,860 sq km
      water : 9,980 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries
      total: 820 km
      border countries : Indonesia 820 km

      Coastline 5,152 km

      Maritime claims measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      continental shelf : 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (Mayto October); slight seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m

      Natural resources gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries

      Land use
      arable land : 0.1%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 92.9%
      other : 6% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Rim of Fire"; the countryis subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides

      Environment - current issues rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercialdemand for tropical timber; pollution from mining projects

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species,Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear TestBan, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, TropicalTimber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note shares island of New Guinea with Indonesia; one of world's largest swampsalong southwest coast

      NOTE: The information regarding Papua New Guinea on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Papua New Guinea Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Papua New Guinea Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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