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    Paraguay Geography 1997

      Location Central South America, northeast of Argentina

      Geographic coordinates 23 00 S, 58 00 W

      Map references South America

      total: 406,750 sq km
      land: 397,300 sq km
      water: 9,450 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than California

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,920 km
      border countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate subtropical; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becomingsemiarid in the far west

      Terrain grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco regionwest of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forestand thorny scrub elsewhere

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m
      highest point: Cerro San Rafael 850 m

      Natural resources hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone

      Land use
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 55%
      forests and woodland : 32%
      other: 7% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 670 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drainedplains may become boggy (early October to June)

      Environment - current issues deforestation (an estimated 2 million hectares of forest land have beenlost from 1958-85); water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal presenthealth risks for many urban residents

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes,Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil

      NOTE: The information regarding Paraguay on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Paraguay Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Paraguay Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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