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    Romania Geography 1997

      Location Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine

      Geographic coordinates 46 00 N, 25 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 237,500 sq km
      land: 230,340 sq km
      water : 7,160 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries
      total : 2,508 km
      border countries: Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Serbia and Montenegro476 km (all with Serbia), Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (south) 169 km

      Coastline 225 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone : 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summerswith frequent showers and thunderstorms

      Terrain central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Plain of Moldaviaon the east by the Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plainon the south by the Transylvanian Alps

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
      highest point : Moldoveanu 2,544 m

      Natural resources petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore,salt

      Land use
      arable land: 41%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures : 21%
      forests and woodland: 29%
      other: 6% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 31,020 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards earthquakes most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure andclimate promote landslides

      Environment - current issues soil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in southfrom industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Air Pollution, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, EndangeredSpecies, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, NuclearTest Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol

      Geography - note controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova,and Ukraine

      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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