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    Rwanda Geography 1997

      Location Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates 2 00 S, 30 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 26,340 sq km
      land: 24,950 sq km
      water: 1,390 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries
      total: 893 km
      border countries: Burundi 290 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 217 km, Tanzania 217km, Uganda 169 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January);mild in mountains with frost and snow possible

      Terrain mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitudedeclining from west to east

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m
      highest point : Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m

      Natural resources gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), natural gas,hydropower

      Land use
      arable land: 35%
      permanent crops: 13%
      permanent pastures : 18%
      forests and woodland: 22%
      other: 12% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 40 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are in the northwestalong the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Environment - current issues deforestation results from uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel; overgrazing;soil exhaustion; soil erosion

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban
      signed, but not ratified : Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note landlocked; predominantly rural population

      NOTE: The information regarding Rwanda on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Rwanda Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Rwanda Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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