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    Saint Helena Geography 1997

      Location Southern Africa, island in the South Atlantic Ocean, west of Angola,about two-thirds of the way from South America to Africa

      Geographic coordinates 15 56 S, 5 42 W

      Map references Africa

      total: 410 sq km
      land: 410 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Ascension, Gough Island, Inaccessible Island, Nightingale Island,and Tristan da Cunha

      Area - comparative slightly more than two times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 60 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; marine; mild, tempered by trade winds

      Terrain rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Queen Mary's Peak 2,060 m

      Natural resources fish

      Land use
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: NA%
      permanent pastures : 6%
      forests and woodland: 6%
      other: 82% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha

      Environment - current issues NA

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: NA
      signed, but not ratified: NA

      Geography - note Napoleon Bonaparte's place of exile and burial (his remains were takento Paris in 1840); harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhereelse in the world; Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles and sootyterns

      NOTE: The information regarding Saint Helena on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Saint Helena Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Saint Helena Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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