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    San Marino Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of San Marino
      conventional short form: San Marino
      local long form : Repubblica di San Marino
      local short form: San Marino

      Data code SM

      Government type republic

      National capital San Marino

      Administrative divisions 9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore,Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle

      Independence 301 AD (by tradition)

      National holiday Anniversary of the Foundation of the Republic, 3 September

      Constitution 8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions ofa constitution

      Legal system based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not acceptedcompulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: co-chiefs of state Captain Regent Piero Paolo GASPERONI and CaptainRegent Pietro BUGLI (for the period 1 April-30 September 1996)
      head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Gabriele GATTI(since NA July 1986)
      cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-yearterm
      elections : co-chiefs of state (captain regents) elected by the Great and GeneralCouncil for a six-month term; election last held NA March 1996 (next to beheld NA September 1996); secretary of state for foreign and political affairselected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term; election lastheld NA 1993 (next to be held NA 1998)
      election results: Giancarlo VENTURINI and Maurizio RATTINI elected captain regents; percentof legislative vote - NA; Gabriele GATTI elected secretary of state for foreignand political affairs; percent of legislative vote - NA
      note: the popularly elected parliament (Great and General Council) selectstwo of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (Co-Chiefs of State) fora six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Great and General Counciland its cabinet (Congress of State) which has ten other members, all selectedby the Great and General Council; assisting the Captains Regent are threeSecretaries of State - Foreign Affairs, Internal Affairs, and Finance - andseveral additional secretaries; the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairshas assumed many of the prerogatives of a prime minister

      Legislative branch unicameral Great and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale(60 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections : last held 30 May 1993 (next to be held by NA May 1998)
      election results: percent of vote by party - PDCS 41.4%, PSS 23.7%, PDP 18.6%, AP 7.7%,MD 5.3%, RC 3.3%; seats by party - PDCS 26, PSS 14, PDP 11, AP 4, MD 3, RC2

      Judicial branch Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII

      Political parties and leaders Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Cesare GASPERONI, secretary general];Democratic Progressive Party or PDP (formerly San Marino Communist Party orPSS) [Claudio FELICI, secretary general]; San Marino Socialist Party or PSS[Maurizio RATTINI, secretary general]; Democratic Movement or MD [MassimoTONTI]; Popular Alliance or AP [Tito MASI]; Communist Refoundation or RC [Paolo GIOVAGNOLI]

      International organization participation CE, ECE, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU,NAM (guest), OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO

      Diplomatic representation in the US San Marino does not have an embassy in the US
      honorary consulate(s) general: Washington and New York
      honorary consulate(s): Detroit

      Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in San Marino; the US Consul Generalin Florence (Italy) is accredited to San Marino

      Flag description two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the nationalcoat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuringthree towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and abovea scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)

      NOTE: The information regarding San Marino on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of San Marino Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about San Marino Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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