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    Somalia Geography 1997

      Location Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, eastof Ethiopia

      Geographic coordinates 10 00 N, 49 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 637,660 sq km
      land: 627,340 sq km
      water: 10,320 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,366 km
      border countries: Djibouti 58 km, Ethiopia 1,626 km, Kenya 682 km

      Coastline 3,025 km

      Maritime claims
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Climate principally desert; December to February - northeast monsoon, moderatetemperatures in north and very hot in south; May to October - southwest monsoon,torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humidperiods (tangambili) between monsoons

      Terrain mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Shimbiris 2,450 m

      Natural resources uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite,copper, salt

      Land use
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures : 69%
      forests and woodland: 26%
      other: 3% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,800 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer

      Environment - current issues famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems;deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Endangered Species, Law of the Sea
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Babel Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal

      NOTE: The information regarding Somalia on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Somalia Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Somalia Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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