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    Sri Lanka Geography 1997

      Location Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India

      Geographic coordinates 7 00 N, 81 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total : 65,610 sq km
      land: 64,740 sq km
      water: 870 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than West Virginia

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 1,340 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon(June to October)

      Terrain mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m

      Natural resources limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay

      Land use
      arable land: 14%
      permanent crops: 15%
      permanent pastures : 7%
      forests and woodland: 32%
      other: 32% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 5,500 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards occasional cyclones and tornadoes

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by poaching;coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwaterresources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification,Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes

      NOTE: The information regarding Sri Lanka on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sri Lanka Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sri Lanka Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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