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    Svalbard Geography 1997

      Location Northern Europe, islands between the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea, GreenlandSea, and Norwegian Sea, north of Norway

      Geographic coordinates 78 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references Arctic Region

      total: 62,049 sq km
      land: 62,049 sq km
      water : 0 sq km
      note: includes Spitsbergen and Bjornoya (Bear Island)

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 3,587 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm unilaterally claimed by Norway but not recognized by Russia
      territorial sea: 4 nm

      Climate arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, coldwinters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen,keeping water open and navigable most of the year

      Terrain wild, rugged mountains; much of high land ice covered; west coast clearof ice about one-half of the year; fjords along west and north coasts

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Arctic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Newtontoppen 1,717 m

      Natural resources coal, copper, iron ore, phosphate, zinc, wildlife, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures : 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 100% (no trees and the only bushes are crowberry and cloudberry)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards ice floes often block up the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point forcoal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeasterncoast inaccessible to maritime traffic

      Environment - current issues NA

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : NA
      signed, but not ratified: NA

      Geography - note northernmost part of the Kingdom of Norway; consists of nine main islands;glaciers and snowfields cover 60% of the total area

      NOTE: The information regarding Svalbard on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Svalbard Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Svalbard Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)