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    Tajikistan Geography 1997

      Location Central Asia, west of China

      Geographic coordinates 39 00 N, 71 00 E

      Map references Commonwealth of Independent States

      total : 143,100 sq km
      land: 142,700 sq km
      water: 400 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Wisconsin

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,651 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polarin Pamir Mountains

      Terrain Pamirs and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valleyin north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Syrdariya 300 m
      highest point: Qullai Kommunizm 7,495 m

      Natural resources significant hydropower potential, some petroleum, uranium, mercury,brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten

      Land use
      arable land : 6%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 25%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 65% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 6,390 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity;industrial pollution; excessive pesticides; part of the basin of the shrinkingAral Sea suffers from severe overutilization of available water for irrigationand associated pollution

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: none of the selected agreements
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Tajikistan on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tajikistan Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tajikistan Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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