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    The Gambia Geography 1997

      Location Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

      Geographic coordinates 13 28 N, 16 34 W

      Map references Africa

      total: 11,300 sq km
      land : 10,000 sq km
      water: 1,300 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Delaware

      Land boundaries
      total: 740 km
      border countries: Senegal 740 km

      Coastline 80 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 18 nm
      continental shelf : not specified
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (Novemberto May)

      Terrain flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 53 m

      Natural resources fish

      Land use
      arable land: 18%
      permanent crops : 0%
      permanent pastures: 9%
      forests and woodland: 28%
      other: 45% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 150 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years

      Environment - current issues deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Lawof the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding The Gambia on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of The Gambia Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about The Gambia Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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