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    Turks and Caicos Islands Geography 1997

      Location Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeastof The Bahamas

      Geographic coordinates 21 45 N, 71 35 W

      Map references Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 430 sq km
      land: 430 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 389 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry

      Terrain low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Blue Hills 49 m

      Natural resources spiny lobster, conch

      Land use
      arable land : 2%
      permanent crops: NA%
      permanent pastures: NA%
      forests and woodland: NA%
      other: 98% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards frequent hurricanes

      Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources, private cisterns collect rainwater

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : NA
      signed, but not ratified: NA

      Geography - note 30 islands (eight inhabited)

      NOTE: The information regarding Turks and Caicos Islands on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turks and Caicos Islands Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turks and Caicos Islands Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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