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    Tuvalu Geography 1997

      Location Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South PacificOcean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

      Geographic coordinates 8 00 S, 178 00 E

      Map references Oceania

      total : 26 sq km
      land: 26 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 24 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea : 12 nm

      Climate tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerlygales and heavy rain (November to March)

      Terrain very low-lying and narrow coral atolls

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 5 m

      Natural resources fish

      Land use
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other : 100% (1993 est.)
      note: Tuvalu's nine coral atolls have enough soil to grow coconuts and supportsubsistence agriculture

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards severe tropical storms are rare

      Environment - current issues since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable,all water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities; beachhead erosion because of the use of sand for building materials; excessiveclearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel; damage to coral reefs fromthe spread of the crown of thorns starfish

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Climate Change, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection,Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Law of the Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Tuvalu on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tuvalu Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tuvalu Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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