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    United Kingdom Geography 1997

      Location Western Europe, islands including the northern one-sixth of the islandof Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest ofFrance

      Geographic coordinates 54 00 N, 2 00 W

      Map references Europe

      total: 244,820 sq km
      land: 241,590 sq km
      water : 3,230 sq km
      note: includes Rockall and Shetland Islands

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries
      total: 360 km
      border countries : Ireland 360 km

      Coastline 12,429 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf : as defined in continental shelf orders or in accordance with agreedupon boundaries
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North AtlanticCurrent; more than one-half of the days are overcast

      Terrain mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in eastand southeast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Fenland -4 m
      highest point: Ben Nevis 1,343 m

      Natural resources coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay,chalk, gypsum, lead, silica

      Land use
      arable land: 25%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland : 10%
      other: 19% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,080 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues sulfur dioxide emissions from power plants contribute to air pollution;some rivers polluted by agricultural wastes and coastal waters polluted becauseof large-scale disposal of sewage at sea

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, EndangeredSpecies, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, MarineLife Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note lies near vital North Atlantic sea lanes; only 35 km from France andnow linked by tunnel under the English Channel; because of heavily indentedcoastline, no location is more than 125 km from tidal waters

      NOTE: The information regarding United Kingdom on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of United Kingdom Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about United Kingdom Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)