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    Vietnam Geography 1997

      Location Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, andSouth China Sea, between China and Cambodia

      Geographic coordinates 16 00 N, 106 00 E

      Map references Southeast Asia

      total: 329,560 sq km
      land: 325,360 sq km
      water : 4,200 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than New Mexico

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,639 km
      border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2,130 km

      Coastline 3,444 km (excludes islands)

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone : 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (mid-Mayto mid-September) and warm, dry season (mid-October to mid-March)

      Terrain low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainousin far north and northwest

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
      highest point: Ngoc Linh 3,143 m

      Natural resources phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gasdeposits, forests

      Land use
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures : 1%
      forests and woodland: 30%
      other: 48% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 18,600 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding

      Environment - current issues logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestationand soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine lifepopulations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growingurban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environmentin Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification,Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

      NOTE: The information regarding Vietnam on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Vietnam Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Vietnam Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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