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    Zambia Geography 1997

      Location Southern Africa, east of Angola

      Geographic coordinates 15 00 S, 30 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 752,610 sq km
      land: 740,720 sq km
      water: 11,890 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 5,664 km
      border countries: Angola 1,110 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,930 km, Malawi 837km, Mozambique 419 km, Namibia 233 km, Tanzania 338 km, Zimbabwe 797 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)

      Terrain mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m
      highest point: in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m

      Natural resources copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropowerpotential

      Land use
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops : 0%
      permanent pastures: 40%
      forests and woodland: 39%
      other: 14% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 460 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards tropical storms (November to April)

      Environment - current issues air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction andrefining region; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros and elephant populations;deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatmentpresents human health risks

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, HazardousWastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Zambia on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Zambia Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zambia Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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