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    Zimbabwe Geography 1997

      Location Southern Africa, northeast of Botswana

      Geographic coordinates 20 00 S, 30 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total : 390,580 sq km
      land: 386,670 sq km
      water: 3,910 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Montana

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,066 km
      border countries: Botswana 813 km, Mozambique 1,231 km, South Africa 225 km, Zambia 797km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)

      Terrain mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountainsin east

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: junction of the Lundi and Savi rivers 162 m
      highest point: Inyangani 2,592 m

      Natural resources coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium,lithium, tin, platinum group metals

      Land use
      arable land : 7%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 13%
      forests and woodland: 23%
      other: 57% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,930 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards recurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution;the black rhinoceros herd - once the largest concentration of the speciesin the world - has been significantly reduced by poaching

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, OzoneLayer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification

      Geography - note landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Zimbabwe on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Zimbabwe Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zimbabwe Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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