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Afghanistan People

    Population: 25,824,882 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 43% (male 5,640,841; female 5,422,460)
    15-64 years: 54% (male 7,273,681; female 6,776,750)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 374,666; female 336,484) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 3.95% (1999 est.)
    note: this rate reflects the continued return of refugees

    Birth rate: 41.93 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 17.02 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 14.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 1.11 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 140.55 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 47.33 years
    male: 47.82 years
    female: 46.82 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 5.94 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Afghan(s)
    adjective: Afghan

    Ethnic groups: Pashtun 38%, Tajik 25%, Uzbek 6%, Hazara 19%, minor ethnic groups (Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloch, and others)

    Religions: Sunni Muslim 84%, Shi'a Muslim 15%, other 1%

    Languages: Pashtu 35%, Afghan Persian (Dari) 50%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 31.5%
    male: 47.2%
    female: 15% (1995 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)