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Canada Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 67,773 km; note—there are two major transcontinental freight railway systems: Canadian National (privatized November 1995) and Canadian Pacific Railway; passenger service provided by government-operated firm VIA, which has no trackage of its own
    standard gauge: 67,773 km 1.435-m gauge (183 km electrified) (1996)

    Highways:
    total: 912,200 km
    paved: 246,400 km (including 16,600 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 665,800 km (1996 est.)

    Waterways: 3,000 km, including Saint Lawrence Seaway

    Pipelines: crude and refined oil 23,564 km; natural gas 74,980 km

    Ports and harbors: Becancour (Quebec), Churchill, Halifax, Hamilton, Montreal, New Westminster, Prince Rupert, Quebec, Saint John (New Brunswick), St. John's (Newfoundland), Sept Isles, Sydney, Trois-Rivieres, Thunder Bay, Toronto, Vancouver, Windsor

    Merchant marine:
    total: 109 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,489,110 GRT/2,205,274 DWT
    ships by type: barge carrier 1, bulk 56, cargo 11, chemical tanker 5, combination bulk 2, oil tanker 16, passenger 3, passenger-cargo 1, railcar carrier 2, roll-on/roll-off cargo 7, short-sea passenger 4, specialized tanker 1
    note: does not include ships used exclusively in the Great Lakes (1998 est.)

    Airports: 1,395 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 515
    over 3,047 m: 16
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 16
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 154
    914 to 1,523 m: 238
    under 914 m: 91 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 880
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 73
    914 to 1,523 m: 353
    under 914 m: 454 (1998 est.)

    Heliports: 16 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)