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Congo, Democratic Republic of the People

    Population: 50,481,305 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 48% (male 12,200,532; female 12,136,372)
    15-64 years: 49% (male 12,135,901; female 12,692,057)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 564,084; female 752,359) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 2.96% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 46.37 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 14.99 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: -1.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)
    note: in 1994, about a million refugees fled into Zaire (now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo or DROC), to escape the fighting between the Hutus and the Tutsis in Rwanda and Burundi; the outbreak of widespread fighting in the DROC between rebels and government forces in October 1996 spurred about 875,000 refugees to return to Rwanda in late 1996 and early 1997; additionally,the DROC is host to 200,000 Angolan, 110,000 Burundi, 100,000 Sudanese, and 15,000 Ugandan refugees; renewed fighting in the DROC in August 1998 resulted in more internal displacement and refugee outflows

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 99.45 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 49.44 years
    male: 47.28 years
    female: 51.67 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 6.45 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
    adjective: Congolese or Congo

    Ethnic groups: over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes—Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population

    Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and traditional beliefs 10%

    Languages: French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba
    total population: 77.3%
    male: 86.6%
    female: 67.7% (1995 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)