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Indonesia Geography 1999

    Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

    Geographic coordinates: 5 00 S, 120 00 E

    Map references: Southeast Asia

    total: 1,919,440 sq km
    land: 1,826,440 sq km
    water: 93,000 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,602 km
    border countries: Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

    Coastline: 54,716 km

    Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

    Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

    Land use:
    arable land: 10%
    permanent crops: 7%
    permanent pastures: 7%
    forests and woodland: 62%
    other: 14% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 45,970 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: occasional floods, severe droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes, sewage; air pollution in urban areas; smoke and haze from forest fires

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertication, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

    Geography—note: archipelago of 17,000 islands (6,000 inhabited); straddles Equator; strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from Indian Ocean to Pacific Ocean

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)