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Israel (also see separate Gaza Strip and West Bank entries) People

    Population: 5,749,760 (July 1999 est.)
    note: includes about 166,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank, about 19,000 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, about 6,000 in the Gaza Strip, and about 176,000 in East Jerusalem (August 1998 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 28% (male 822,192; female 783,905)
    15-64 years: 62% (male 1,792,062; female 1,783,755)
    65 years and over: 10% (male 244,438; female 323,408) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 1.81% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 19.83 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 6.16 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 4.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 7.78 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 78.61 years
    male: 76.71 years
    female: 80.61 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 2.68 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Israeli(s)
    adjective: Israeli

    Ethnic groups: Jewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Israel-born 20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish 19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)

    Religions: Judaism 80.1%, Islam 14.6% (mostly Sunni Muslim), Christian 2.1%, other 3.2% (1996 est.)

    Languages: Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 95%
    male: 97%
    female: 93% (1992 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)