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Mali Geography 1999

    Location: Western Africa, southwest of Algeria

    Geographic coordinates: 17 00 N, 4 00 W

    Map references: Africa

    total: 1.24 million sq km
    land: 1.22 million sq km
    water: 20,000 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 7,243 km
    border countries: Algeria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Guinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauritania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: subtropical to arid; hot and dry February to June; rainy, humid, and mild June to November; cool and dry November to February

    Terrain: mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Senegal River 23 m
    highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m

    Natural resources: gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited

    Land use:
    arable land: 2%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 25%
    forests and woodland: 6%
    other: 67% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 780 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban

    Geography—note: landlocked

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)