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Mongolia People

    Population: 2,617,379 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 36% (male 480,087; female 464,609)
    15-64 years: 60% (male 787,222; female 787,405)
    65 years and over: 4% (male 42,219; female 55,837) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 1.45% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 22.51 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 7.97 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
    total population: 1 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 64.63 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 61.81 years
    male: 59.71 years
    female: 64.02 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 2.6 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Mongolian(s)
    adjective: Mongolian

    Ethnic groups: Mongol 90%, Kazakh 4%, Chinese 2%, Russian 2%, other 2%

    Religions: predominantly Tibetan Buddhist, Muslim 4%
    note: previously limited religious activity because of communist regime

    Languages: Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian, Chinese

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 82.9%
    male: 88.6%
    female: 77.2% (1988 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)