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Rwanda People

    Population: 8,154,933 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 44% (male 1,807,695; female 1,793,590)
    15-64 years: 53% (male 2,148,477; female 2,179,119)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 92,490; female 133,562) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 2.43% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 38.97 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 19.53 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 4.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)
    note: following the outbreak of genocidal strife in Rwanda in April 1994 between Tutsi and Hutu factions, more than 2 million refugees fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire); according to the UN High Commission on Refugees, in 1996 and early 1997 nearly 1.3 million Hutus returned to Rwanda—of these 720,000 returned from Democratic Republic of the Congo, 480,000 from Tanzania, 88,000 from Burundi, and 10,000 from Uganda; probably fewer than 100,000 Rwandans remained outside of Rwanda by the end of 1997

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 112.86 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 41.31 years
    male: 40.84 years
    female: 41.8 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 5.8 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Rwandan(s)
    adjective: Rwandan

    Ethnic groups: Hutu 80%, Tutsi 19%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1%

    Religions: Roman Catholic 65%, Protestant 9%, Muslim 1%, indigenous beliefs and other 25%

    Languages: Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 60.5%
    male: 69.8%
    female: 51.6% (1995 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)