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Somalia People

    Population: 7,140,643 (July 1999 est.)
    note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1987 by the Somali Government with the cooperation of the UN and the US Bureau of the Census; population estimates are updated between censuses by factoring in growth rates and by taking account of refugee movements and losses due to famine; lower estimates of Somalia's population in mid-1996 (on the order of 6.0 million to 6.5 million) have been made by aid and relief agencies, based on the number of persons being fed; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large numbers of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 44% (male 1,588,025; female 1,584,770)
    15-64 years: 53% (male 1,898,794; female 1,865,487)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 92,419; female 111,148) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 4.13% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 47.98 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 18.62 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 11.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 125.77 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 46.23 years
    male: 44.66 years
    female: 47.85 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 7.25 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Somali(s)
    adjective: Somali

    Ethnic groups: Somali 85%, Bantu, Arabs 30,000

    Religions: Sunni Muslim

    Languages: Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 24%
    male: 36%
    female: 14% (1990 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)