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Suriname People

    Population: 431,156 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 33% (male 72,673; female 69,212)
    15-64 years: 62% (male 135,573; female 130,700)
    65 years and over: 5% (male 10,585; female 12,413) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 0.71% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 21.75 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 5.75 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: -8.92 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 26.52 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 70.89 years
    male: 68.32 years
    female: 73.59 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 2.55 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Surinamer(s)
    adjective: Surinamese

    Ethnic groups: Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15.3%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10.3%, Amerindian 2.6%, Chinese 1.7%, white 1%, other 1.1%

    Religions: Hindu 27.4%, Muslim 19.6%, Roman Catholic 22.8%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), indigenous beliefs 5%

    Languages: Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 93%
    male: 95%
    female: 91% (1995 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)