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Sweden Geography

    Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway

    Geographic coordinates: 62 00 N, 15 00 E

    Map references: Europe

    total: 449,964 sq km
    land: 410,928 sq km
    water: 39,036 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than California

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,205 km
    border countries: Finland 586 km, Norway 1,619 km

    Coastline: 3,218 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive economic zone: agreed boundaries or midlines
    territorial sea: 12 nm (adjustments made to return a portion of straits to high seas)

    Climate: temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north

    Terrain: mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
    highest point: Kebnekaise 2,111 m

    Natural resources: zinc, iron ore, lead, copper, silver, timber, uranium, hydropower

    Land use:
    arable land: 7%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 1%
    forests and woodland: 68%
    other: 24% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 1,150 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: ice floes in the surrounding waters, especially in the Gulf of Bothnia, can interfere with maritime traffic

    Environment—current issues: acid rain damaging soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

    Geography—note: strategic location along Danish Straits linking Baltic and North Seas

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)