Syria People - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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Syria People

    Population: 17,213,871 (July 1999 est.)
    note: in addition, there are about 37,200 people living in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights—18,200 Arabs (16,500 Druze and 1,700 Alawites) and about 19,000 Israeli settlers (August 1998 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 46% (male 4,032,620; female 3,840,431)
    15-64 years: 51% (male 4,515,274; female 4,322,415)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 246,812; female 256,319) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 3.15% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 36.95 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 5.4 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 36.42 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 68.09 years
    male: 66.75 years
    female: 69.48 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 5.37 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Syrian(s)
    adjective: Syrian

    Ethnic groups: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%

    Religions: Sunni Muslim 74%, Alawite, Druze, and other Muslim sects 16%, Christian (various sects) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo)

    Languages: Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 70.8%
    male: 85.7%
    female: 55.8% (1997 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)