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Turkey Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 10,386 km
    standard gauge: 10,386 km 1.435-m gauge (1,088 km electrified)

    Highways:
    total: 382,397 km
    paved: 95,599 km (including 1,560 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 286,798 km (1997 est.)

    Waterways: about 1,200 km

    Pipelines: crude oil 1,738 km; petroleum products 2,321 km; natural gas 708 km

    Ports and harbors: Gemlik, Hopa, Iskenderun, Istanbul, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Icel (Mersin), Samsun, Trabzon

    Merchant marine:
    total: 531 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 5,913,171 GRT/9,832,994 DWT
    ships by type: bulk 159, cargo 239, chemical tanker 32, combination bulk 5, combination ore/oil 6, container 12, liquefied gas tanker 5, oil tanker 36, passenger-cargo 1, refrigerated cargo 3, roll-on/roll-off cargo 21, short-sea passenger 9, specialized tanker 3 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 117 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 81
    over 3,047 m: 16
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 25
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 19
    914 to 1,523 m: 16
    under 914 m: 5 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 36
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 9
    under 914 m: 26 (1998 est.)

    Heliports: 2 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
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