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Tuvalu Government 1999

    Country name:
    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Tuvalu
    former: Ellice Islands

    Data code: TV

    Government type: constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy; began debating republic status in 1992

    Capital: Funafuti

    Administrative divisions: none

    Independence: 1 October 1978 (from UK)

    National holiday: Independence Day, 1 October (1978)

    Constitution: 1 October 1978

    Legal system: NA

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Tomasi PUAPUA, M.D. (since NA June 1998)
    head of government: Prime Minister Bikenibeu PAENIU (since 23 December 1996) and Deputy Prime Minister Kokeiya MALUA (since 8 April 1998);
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
    elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by and from the members of Parliament; election last held 8 April 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)
    election results: Bikenibeu PAENIU reelected prime minister by a vote in Parliament of 10 to 2; Kokeiya MALUA elected deputy prime minister; percent of Parliament vote—NA

    Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Fale I Fono, also called House of Assembly (12 seats—two from each island with more than 1,000 inhabitants, one from all the other inhabited islands; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
    elections: last held 26-27 March 1998 (next to be held by NA 2002)
    election results: percent of vote—NA; seats—independents 12

    Judicial branch: eight Island Courts; High Court; note—a chief justice visits twice a year to preside over sessions of the High Court

    Political parties and leaders: there are no political parties but members of Parliament usually align themselves in informal groupings

    International organization participation: ACP, AsDB, C (special), ESCAP, IFRCS (associate), Intelsat (nonsignatory user), ITU, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WTrO (applicant)

    Diplomatic representation in the US: Tuvalu does not have an embassy in the US

    Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Tuvalu; the US ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Tuvalu

    Flag description: light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the outer half of the flag represents a map of the country with nine yellow five-pointed stars symbolizing the nine islands

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)