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    Algeria Geography 2000

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia

      Geographic coordinates: 28 00 N, 3 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 2,381,740 sq km
      land: 2,381,740 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 6,343 km
      border countries: Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km

      Coastline: 998 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive fishing zone: 32-52 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

      Terrain: mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m
      highest point: Tahat 3,003 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 13%
      forests and woodland: 2%
      other: 82% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 5,550 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mud slides

      Environment - current issues: soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: second-largest country in Africa (after Sudan)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)