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    American Samoa Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

      Geographic coordinates: 14 20 S, 170 00 W

      Map references: Oceania

      Area:
      total: 199 sq km
      land: 199 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 116 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season from November to April, dry season from May to October; little seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain: five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Lata 966 m

      Natural resources: pumice, pumicite

      Land use:
      arable land: 5%
      permanent crops: 10%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 70%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: typhoons common from December to March

      Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines

      Geography - note: Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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