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    Antigua and Barbuda Geography 2000

      Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico

      Geographic coordinates: 17 03 N, 61 48 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      Area:
      total: 442 sq km (Antigua 281 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km)
      land: 442 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Redonda

      Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 153 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain: mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m

      Natural resources: NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism

      Land use:
      arable land: 18%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 9%
      forests and woodland: 11%
      other: 62% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: water management - a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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