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    Armenia Geography 2000

      Location: Southwestern Asia, east of Turkey

      Geographic coordinates: 40 00 N, 45 00 E

      Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

      total: 29,800 sq km
      land: 28,400 sq km
      water: 1,400 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,254 km
      border countries: Azerbaijan-proper 566 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: highland continental, hot summers, cold winters

      Terrain: Armenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Debed River 400 m
      highest point: Aragats Lerr 4,095 m

      Natural resources: small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina

      Land use:
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 24%
      forests and woodland: 15%
      other: 41% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 2,870 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: occasionally severe earthquakes; droughts

      Environment - current issues: soil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; energy blockade, the result of conflict with Azerbaijan, has led to deforestation when citizens scavenged for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan), a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; restart of Metsamor nuclear power plant without adequate (IAEA-recommended) safety and backup systems

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)