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    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, islands in the Indian Ocean, northwest of Australia

      Geographic coordinates: 12 14 S, 123 05 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      Area:
      total: 5 sq km
      land: 5 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island

      Area - comparative: about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 74.1 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 12 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 3 nm

      Climate: tropical

      Terrain: low with sand and coral

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 3 m

      Natural resources: fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 100% (all grass and sand)

      Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)

      Natural hazards: surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established in August 1983

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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