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    Azerbaijan Geography 2000

      Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia

      Geographic coordinates: 40 30 N, 47 30 E

      Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

      total: 86,600 sq km
      land: 86,100 sq km
      water: 500 sq km
      note: includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy was abolished by Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maine

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,013 km
      border countries: Armenia (with Azerbaijan-proper) 566 km, Armenia (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-proper) 432 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 179 km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
      note: Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (800 km, est.)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: dry, semiarid steppe

      Terrain: large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
      highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina

      Land use:
      arable land: 18%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 25%
      forests and woodland: 11%
      other: 41% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 10,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: droughts; some lowland areas threatened by rising levels of the Caspian Sea

      Environment - current issues: local scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, water, and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of DDT as a pesticide and also from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)