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    Bangladesh Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India

      Geographic coordinates: 24 00 N, 90 00 E

      Map references: Asia

      total: 144,000 sq km
      land: 133,910 sq km
      water: 10,090 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Wisconsin

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,246 km
      border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km

      Coastline: 580 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 18 nm
      continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; cool, dry winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)

      Terrain: mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m

      Natural resources: natural gas, arable land, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 73%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 5%
      forests and woodland: 15%
      other: 5% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 31,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely flooded during the summer monsoon season

      Environment - current issues: many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; limited access to potable water; water-borne diseases prevalent; water pollution especially of fishing areas results from the use of commercial pesticides; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation; deforestation; severe overpopulation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)