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    Benin Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Nigeria and Togo

      Geographic coordinates: 9 30 N, 2 15 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 112,620 sq km
      land: 110,620 sq km
      water: 2,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,989 km
      border countries: Burkina Faso 306 km, Niger 266 km, Nigeria 773 km, Togo 644 km

      Coastline: 121 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

      Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Sokbaro 658 m

      Natural resources: small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures: 4%
      forests and woodland: 31%
      other: 48% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north in winter

      Environment - current issues: recent droughts have severely affected marginal agriculture in north; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: no natural harbors

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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