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    Brunei Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia

      Geographic coordinates: 4 30 N, 114 40 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      total: 5,770 sq km
      land: 5,270 sq km
      water: 500 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware

      Land boundaries:
      total: 381 km
      border countries: Malaysia 381 km

      Coastline: 161 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or to median line
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy

      Terrain: flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
      highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 85%
      other: 12% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are very rare

      Environment - current issues: seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: close to vital sea lanes through South China Sea linking Indian and Pacific Oceans; two parts physically separated by Malaysia; almost an enclave of Malaysia

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)